Device Drivers

Not many people know about device drivers until they need to find one, be it for a printer or most commonly a modem driver. Finding one can be very difficult to say the least if you are using HSP based modem drivers.
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Not many people know about device drivers until they need to find one, be it for a printer or most commonly a modem driver. Finding one can be very difficult to say the least if you are using HSP based modem drivers.

What is a Device Driver?

Every device, be it be a printer, modem, or keyboard, must have a driver program. Many device drivers, such as the keyboard driver, come with the operating system. For other devices, you may need to load a new driver when you connect the device to your computer. Note that in the older DOS systems, drivers are files with a.SYS extension. now in Windows environments, drivers often have a.DRV extension.

What do they do?

A device driver is nothing more than a glorified translator which fits between the device and programs that use the device. Each device be it a modem or printer has its own set of commands that only its driver knows. That bieng said, however most programs access devices by using generic commands. The device driver, therefore, accepts generic commands from a program and then translates them into specialized commands for the device.

Finding them:

Finding a driver can be very difficult as most manufactures manufacture a device and after 2 or 3 years change and make a different version. Finding a driver for your device becomes a task as the manufactures remove the drivers from their website and refuse to support them. They hope that you will upgrade to their new line of products, but there is no need if you know where to find your drivers. Try the following website which not only has more than 2,000 drivers but finds what you are looking for, free.

Remember, don’t upgrade unless you want to. There is no need to buy new, when the old printer or modem worked just fine!

Computer Consulting: Which Business Is Right for You?

Computer consulting businesses can be independent, a franchise or the purchase of an established business. No matter which you choose, it will still take some time and effort to establish your business of computer consulting.
Computer consulting, small business computer consulting
Some people decide they want to open up an independent doughnut shop instead of buying into one of the really large doughnut shop companies. If you want to make submarine sandwiches, you can do it on your own or you can buy into one of the big, extremely well known franchises. If you want to start a computer consulting business, you can be independent or part of a franchise.

It all depends on whether you want to build your business completely by yourself, or whether you want to try to take some shortcuts. Of course, with a franchise, you need to be prepared to up the ante. In this article, we’ll explore some pros and cons to each choice.

Be Prepared to Put in Some Sweat Equity

Realistically, during your computer consulting startup phase, you’re still going to have several months where you’ll need to be out pounding the pavement, shaking hands and getting your name out there. You’ll also follow up on a ton of leads, generate a lot of proposals and go out on a lot of sales calls. And you’ll have to do all of this before you start getting a lot of billable projects. Don’t think that just because you’re buying into a franchise that those problems are going to go away overnight. You need to be realistic about the pros and the cons of buying into a franchise.

Different Strokes for Different Folks

The right decision for one person isn’t the right one for the other. It really all depends on what you’re looking for in your computer consulting business, your skills, and your available time and financial capital.

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Cyber Security

The computer was originally created as a harmless aid to do complex processes. Over the years, however, the harmless machine, which is charged with almost limitless potential, has become the ground work for cyber crimes. These crimes, which affect individuals, organizations, and even governments, call for tight cyber security to cut short the possibilities of inflicting further harm. But what is cyber security exactly? And how does this protect the whole cyber community?

The proliferation of cyber crimes
In 2007, a report identified 500,000 computers as “zombies” after being hijacked by hackers. “Zombie” computers respond to the prompting of the hackers and allow them to freely break into the systems and gain access to important files and personal information through backdoors. This can inflict danger-from making unauthorized purchases through someone else’s credit card to imposing threats to the national security.

There is no solid figure just how many affected computers there are now today, but reports said the numbers are higher. In fact, there was not a point of dwindling down; hacking has been projecting an upward trend. Proof to that is the unbelievably high cyber crime rate in 2008.

The current crisis in cyber insecurity puts many banks, airports, hospitals, and governments in the danger zone. It opens more opportunities to identity theft, virus dissemination, system breakdown, and other similar cyber crimes. In a much larger scale, it makes launching highly sophisticated terrorist attacks much easier.

Here comes the rescuer
To avoid such threats, computer users are advised to take cyber security measures. Cyber security is a set of techniques or guides that aim at protecting systems from any form of cyber attacks, which may creep into the system in the form of malware (virus and spyware), intruders, and hackers. Cyber security also lessens the risk of falling prey to Internet frauds, scams, and bogus transactions.

Individual users and organizations are liable to keep their computers updated, loaded with the latest security technologies, and regularly checked by a security technician. The goal here is for every computer owner to be individually responsible for his system’s security. And education plays a major part. Authorities recommend every computer owner to be informed about the latest trends in cyber crimes as well as the latest security technologies to abort any threat of attacks.

There are also efforts from the government, computer companies, digital experts, and other parties to come up with a more secure, stricter, and restructured cyber environment that is regulated by enforced laws and technological systems. With the existing setup, hackers and other cyber criminals reign free in the Internet, but further security and system developments in the cyber community will allow for more fluid Internet usage and transactions with lesser risk for frauds and cyber attacks.

Globally, however, much should be done. Currently, law enforcement faces limitations in many countries for many reasons. In some instances, local concerns and issues overshadow the need for implementing efficient cyber security measures. But cyber security can’t be employed by only two to three governments alone. Cyber crimes affect all nations where the Internet holds a primary place in running the government, military, economy, business, and other vital sectors. And if one nation is heavily compromised, it is not impossible for the world as a whole to become a cyber crime victim.

So, what is cyber security? It is the world’s counterattack to the damaging threats of the virtual world called the Internet. And it calls everyone to action.

A Computer Firewall is Your Primary Defense against Virtual Attacks

If you have any personal information on your computer at all and access the Internet
firewall, antivirus, internet
If you have any personal information on your computer at all and access the Internet it is vitally important that you consider the benefits of a computer firewall. Many people lock their homes, lock their cars, keep a watchful eye on their children, and yet leave the bank accounts, personal information, and all kinds of other information vulnerable and exposed through their personal computers.

A virtual attack can be just as devastating financially and emotionally as someone breaking into your home. They are allowed access to secrets you may have shared in confidence with online friends or even offline friends that you correspond with online, they will have passwords for financial and banking accounts, they will know where you buy your coffee; they can learn where your children go to school. The information we have on our personal computers is staggering in terms of personal security nightmares and yet so many people take no steps to secure this information from prying eyes by investing in a simple computer firewall.

The amazing thing is that you can even find free computer firewalls available online if you know where to look. I highly recommend paying for a computer firewall though if you have little knowledge of the inner workings of your computer. If you’re going to secure your families secrets you may as well invest in a very good program with constant updates in order to do so.

A computer firewall isn’t just a nice thing to have on your computer; it is a vital line of defense for you and your family. Keep this in mind when choosing the best computer firewall for you. Remember you want to have a service that will provide updates and keep up with evolving technology that would harm your computer or steal your personal information.

Computer Forensics

Computer Forensics: Unique computer use policy.
Computer use policy to suit your business needs and applying computer forensics to prevent the unauthorized access to employees?computers.
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The investigator waited until midnight, when the plant was empty, and thousands of computers had “slipped into screen-saver slumber.?Furtively, he sat in front of a colleague’s personal computer. In half an hour, the detective made an exact copy of the colleague’s hard drive. Then, using a program called Encase, he uncovered hundreds of pornographic images, which eventually cost the coworker his job.

Workplace computers are company property, so employers may inspect their contents. Only in Connecticut must employers inform workers of computer monitoring. According to the American Management Association, 45 percent of our nation’s large companies use “computer forensics?to electronically monitor workers?computers.

The number of employees involved in Internet-related crimes or violations of company computer use policy is rising. Dow Chemical fired or disciplined 200 employees for trading dirty jokes and photos by e-mail. Then Xerox fired 40 workers, and the New York Times terminated 23 employees for similar violations.

Recently a small firm in Utah noticed that its servers were full. An employee remarked that several workers were regularly downloading music albums from Napster. The albums ended up on the servers, taking up megabytes of valuable space. An innocent (or intentional?) act had disrupted this company’s day-to-day operations.

Smaller businesses usually can’t afford the $200-450-per-hour fees charged by computer forensics consultants. But, by publishing company computer/internet policies and corresponding consequences for violations, requiring employees to sign compliance documents, regularly checking e-mail and hard drive contents, and asking employees to report infractions, small businesses can begin to police their own computer systems. Making employees aware that forensic software and personnel are available could deter some workers from wrongdoing. Call AmCheck for assistance in developing a computer use policy at 888-AMCHECK.

(Source: Miller, Greg “High-Tech Snooping All in Day’s Work; Security: Some Firms Are Now Using Computer Investigators to Uncover Employee Wrongdoing?Los Angeles Times HR News Wire.)

Advanced Font Viewer – A Lever That Strengthens Your Creative Effort

The choice of available fonts is not longer limited to a pathetic pop-up list, it is now carried out with a full screen list. You can see the samples of the selected font – for example, “Company Name” in any color, style and size of font. The list of fonts available for viewing is not limited to the set fonts only, you can also see the not preset fonts from any folder and any disk.
font, fonts, font manager, font viewer
The leverage is well known but I will allow myself to remind you what it is. By using a lever you go a longer distance, but benefit in the applied strength. It’s not accidental that this effective principal is successfully used by crooks – they use jemmy to pick locks and bolts. So why not use the lever principle for your own goals

Advanced Font Viewer – this is your lever. As you could guess from the title, it is a program for working with fonts. Fonts are used everywhere where it is needed to transfer the information through text, i.e. any website, book, magazine, newspaper, greeting card, commercial, banner…Fonts surround us all day long and throughout our whole lives. Such wide use of fonts in our everyday life was caused by a huge variety of them. So, what’s the way to cope with this wide selection and make the right choice of a font

A lot of people limit their choice to the font selection tools that are built into their programs, and don’t even suspect that they could use the leverage here – they could use a program created specially for these purposes. This is a logical continuation of the main program functions that strongly increases your abilities in the choice of fonts and gives this task a previously unknown convenience.

The choice of available fonts is not longer limited to a pathetic pop-up list, it is now carried out with a full screen list. You can see the samples of the selected font – for example, “Company Name” in any color, style and size of font. The list of fonts available for viewing is not limited to the set fonts only, you can also see the not preset fonts from any folder and any disk.

You can try the program out and see for yourself that the program options are not limited to the ones mentioned above.

Access your Instant Messenger Chat History from Anywhere

Keep your conversation history always accessible and save your chat history online with a new service! IM-HISTORY stores your instant messages on secure, reliable servers.
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Are you chatting a lot from different PCs Tired of losing your conversation history every time you switch computers Access your chat history for any instant messenger, from any PC, anywhere in the world with a free service!

If you ever interrupt an important conversation or a friendly chat and want to catch up later, you can now have access to what was previously said, making it easy to restart a conversation from where it stopped. You can access it thanks to the built-in conversation history features of your favorite instant messenger, such as ICQ or MSN Messenger. Your conversations are stored on the hard drive of your computer for your future reference.

But what if you are away from your home computer Or, what if you chat on several different PCs In that case, you would have parts of your conversation history stored on different computers, which causes all kinds of problems from simple inconvenience to invasion of your privacy and security leaks. Using your work computer for chatting, when allowed by employers, is particularly prone to this problem. The worst part is that you cannot even synchronize those PCs to have one solid conversation history as this operation is not on the list of most instant messengers!

Keep your conversation history always accessible and save your chat history online with a new service! IM-HISTORY stores your instant messages on secure dedicated servers, and provides easy online access to your chat history from anywhere in the world.

IM-HISTORY ( supports all popular instant messengers, including ICQ, MSN Messenger, Miranda IM, QIP, Skype, Trillian, and Yahoo! Messenger. IM-HISTORY client is easy to install and configure. It detects supported instant messengers automatically, and offers you an option to upload your existing contacts and conversations online. Install IM-HISTORY on all PCs you use for chatting, and consolidate all contacts and scattered conversation parts into a single, solid online archive that is easy to access from any computer. IM-HISTORY stores your sensitive data securely, and provides real-time, 24/7 online access to your information.

Are you using more than one account, or even several different instant messengers IM-HISTORY provides an option to consolidate all your accounts from all supported instant messengers into a single, easy to access online archive.

IM-HISTORY is here to stay. In the nearest future, it will support even more instant messengers, including AOL Instant Messenger (AIM), GTalk, IChat, Kopete, Pidgin (Gaim), and other popular products. Soon you’ll be able to access your message history from mobile platforms too – imagine using your mobile phone for chatting, and seeing what you said when chatting on a PC!

IM-HISTORY does for the first time what many have been dreaming of. With no real alternatives, there’s just no doubt that any serious IM user would want to have IM-HISTORY on their PC. IM-HISTORY is absolutely free, so download your copy now from and have greater chatting convenience wherever you go!

10 Tips To Buying Software Online

Buying software online can be tricky, especially if you are new to shopping via the internet. Whether you are upgrading an existing software package or looking for a specific program to install, the process will be a lot less complicated if you know what to look for.
Buying software online can be tricky, especially if you are new to shopping via the internet. Whether you are upgrading an existing software package or looking for a specific program to install, the process will be a lot less complicated if you know what to look for.

Software Buying Tip # 1
Read customer reviews. Many popular online stores, such as Amazon, allow users to leave their comments about a particular product. Reading other customer reviews may help to make your decision easier because it gives you an idea of others who have experienced the product firsthand.

Software Buying Tip # 2
When considering any type of software, make sure that it is compatible with your computer. Most software requires a specific processor type, such as Pentium or Celeron, and a certain amount of free hard drive space. The reason is because, in order for software to function properly at quickly, the computer must be able to handle the application. By being familiar with your computer configuration, you will be able to select the right software.

Software Buying Tip # 3
Become familiar with the software by reading it description and capabilities. Before purchasing any type of software, you should make sure that it is exactly what you want or will enjoy learning. Often times, after software is opened, there is no refund policy for buyer remorse.

Software Buying Tip # 4
Purchase software from a reputable company. This will ensure customer service, reliability, quality products and timely shipment. By purchasing software from a reliable source, you will also ensure that the title is authentic and not an illegal copy. The best way to check out a business reputation is through the Better Business Bureau.

Software Buying Tip # 5
The best part of shopping for software online is the competition. Because there are so many retailers, prices are more competitive than if only one store had the software that you want. Shop around and compare prices before making a final decision.

Software Buying Tip # 6
When making a purchase online, consider using a credit card. Most credit card companies provide a dispute resolution process, which is beneficial if the product is not delivered, is not as advertised or is damaged and the company will not stand behind the transaction.

Software Buying Tip # 7
If purchasing from another individual, such as often the case with online auctions, confirm that the software has all manuals and/or product keys to ensure proper installation.

Software Buying Tip # 8
Learn about the company return, refund and/or exchange policy. In many cases, especially with software, the company may refuse to accept the product back for a refund. However, there is always the possibility that a program is damaged or doesn’t function properly, in which case the store should honor the purchase with an exchange for the same title. When buying software online, it best to purchase from a store that is reasonable when it comes to exchanges if not refunds.

Software Buying Tip # 9
When purchasing software online, take a moment to look at the company shipping costs, methods and availability of a way to track the package following shipment.

Software Buying Tip # 10
Common payment methods include credit cards, checks and/or money orders. If you want to purchase software online, you will need to do so from a company that accepts a convenient payment method. If you do not have a credit card, most companies will accept a mailed payment. Most companies, however, recommend not sending cash.

What is Cybersecurity?

Every important transaction could be coursed online these days. You could shop across different Websites, do banking transactions, transfer money, pay electronically, and do just about anything. The importance of the Internet has become more concrete and more obvious. Many personal data are now stored and retrieved online. You could get access through your computer or though someone’s system. Thus, cybersecurity is very significant.

Cybersecurity involves protection of sensitive personal and business information through prevention, detection, and response to different online attacks. As mentioned, because most important transactions are conducted across the Internet these days, there is a need to impose effective protection and measures to counter and repel cybercrimes, especially fraud.

You have probably heard of news stories about many credit card users who complain of overcharging because hackers use their accounts online. There are also different types of destructive email viruses that are not just aimed at destroying files, but also at hacking personal security codes and information like passwords. If you have been a victim of such cyber crimes, you surely would understand the necessity for stronger cybersecurity measures.

The best defense against cyber crimes is to understand risks and basic terms. You should also know about certain measures to achieve protection against cyber piracy and crimes. Cybersecurity is not a simple concept. It could get complicated because its scope is constantly and is aggressively expanding.

So what are the identified risks of cyber crimes? Many risks are more serious and pressing than the others. Email viruses could erase your entire computer system without you knowing it. There are even viruses that are designed to break into computer systems to alter files and to further spread the reach of destruction. Some malicious software are made to steal credit card information of private individuals and make unauthorized purchases. As an active Internet user, there is definitely no guarantee that you would be fully exempted from experiencing such problems. But you could always take measures to minimize chances.

The first effective step to protect your self from cyber crimes and proliferation of computer viruses is to identify cyber criminals. Hackers, intruders, and attackers are people who seek to principally exploit weaknesses of computer systems and software for their own advantage. Their actions are always violating intended usage of computer systems. Many of them are motivated by curiosity, but still violations are punishable whatever the scale. Results of hacking and intruding activities could range from malicious to mere mischief consequences.

Malicious codes (also called malware) include codes that are used to attack any computer system. They come in various forms. Some are guised as email attachments, while others claim to do other activities. More dangerously, some malwares are contracted without the computer user’s knowledge. Propagation of such malicious codes is getting more and more rampant these days. Classic and popular examples of malwares or malicious codes are worms and viruses.

Vulnerability is one issue computer users should always confront. In most cases, it is caused by software’s programming errors. When such errors happen, attackers get the chance to infect your computer system. Thus, cybersecurity measures and programs should be installed and used to provide effective protection. You should always aim to protect yourself from online and computer attacks.

There are now many options that could help you address vulnerabilities.


Nasties can be Installed on your computer without your consent, spyware software monitors or controls your computer use.
Adware Software

Nasties can be Installed on your computer without your consent, spyware software monitors or controls your computer use. Your operating system (like Windows or Linux) may offer free software “patchesto close holes in the system that spyware could exploit. So it tends to be when “ware” is short for “software”; sometimes it’s pretty tricky to define exactly what kind of software it includes and what these programs do.

A browser hijacker is software that hijacks browsers (and does some other nasty things). By free software like screensavers or P2P file sharing programs which you download, such as Kazaa. Worse, no one piece of software will protect you from the above.

Companies add adware to their software usually freeware and shareware to pay for programming costs. Spyware is a type of software that collects information from your computer and sends it to a third party without your knowledge or permission. For many years now, marketing companies have been taking advantage of us by writing programs and sneaking them into software downloads without our permission so they can force us to view there advertisements for products.

He had hijacked some 500,000 computers, though these computers (known as zombies) could be used for malicious activity they were used to plant adware or software which caused advertisements to pop-up on the infected computers.


If you are adware free then you can carry on without a care in the world, Your money will still be in your pocket and your computer will be running safely. Have you ever visited a peer-to-peer file sharing site and downloaded games, movies or just about any files from these free sites. The following is a guide on how to remove spyware, adware, and pop-up ads using FREE tools ready to download anytime.

If you are a updated Windows OS user you pull up your task manager system information screen and see that your system is running at 100%, then you are infected with spyware because your system always needs a little free space in order to process information, which is why your system slows down when you have spyware on it. 10 years ago you could probably have run no Internet security applications and still have come out after a browse of the Internet with a virus and malware free computer, but this situation is no longer apparent. Don’t just download programs that are free, or sound too good to be true.

This program is usually bundled with the Kazaa file-sharing program, as well as other free software programs.


You do not have to deal with this anymore, you can actually remove spyware and adware, and you can remove it for free. The best way to remove spyware and adware are to download spyware removal tools. Here are four methods to remove or simply avoid adware and spyware without spending a dime on the latest “anti-virus” software.

“These fraudulent programs foul machines, undermine productivity and in many cases frustrate consumers’ efforts to remove them from their computers. Lawmakers are recognizing the problems and the invasion of privacy that these marketing companies are causing and are working on laws to make them outlawed, but until that day comes the best we can do is educate ourselves about PC security and how to protect and remove spyware from our computer systems. Here are some methods to detect spyware and adware and remove or merely avoid the adware and spyware and not outlay a dime on the most recent “anti-virus” software, such as Spyware Nuker.

There are many software programs available designed to remove Viruses, Spyware, Adware and other nasties from your computer. If your computer get infected with it then you must try to remove it with any good anti- spyware program, some of them can be freely downloaded from the internet.


An effective anti-spyware program will detect and remove all possible infected files. The following is a list of the top three players in the free anti-spyware software game:. Microsoft Anti-Spyware is quickly increasing in popularity but is currently in Beta stages.

Two of the biggest things that these Anti-Spyware programs accomplish for you are that they help in protecting your online privacy and they help make your computer run a lot better. Second of all, it the most downloaded and used Anti-Spyware program from the Clickbank digital download network. On December 8, 2004 Webroot, an award winning anti-spyware solution provider, released a press release identifying the ten most significant emerging spyware and adware threats.

Being an employee of an anti-spyware developing company, I guess I know this matter well enough to point that out. The first thing you will want to do is make sure you have the newest, most up-to-date anti-spyware scanning program on the market.

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